update: litgeog mapping

• Ellis, Juniper. 1997. “Melville’s Literary Cartographies of the South Seas.” The Massachusetts Review: 9–29.

• Phillips, C. 2007. “Mapping Imagination and Experience in Melville’s Pacific Fiction.” In “Whole Oceans Away”: Melville and the Pacific, 124–138. Kent State University Press.

“. . . I offer a history of Pacific cartography that, though impressionistic, highlights crucial issues in understanding Melville’s relationship to Ishmael’s “sea of [his] adoption” (Moby-Dick 482), particularly the epistemological opportunities
and challenges that the Pacific posed to those seeking to chart it. . . . “

• Ranson, C. 1996. “Cartography in Children’s Literature.” Sustaining the Vision. Selected Papers from the Annual Conference of the International Association of School Librarianship (24th, Worcester, England, July 17-21, 1995). online.

Maps have been used as an illustrative device in children’s books for a long time; however, they are an area of illustration that has been largely ignored by critics. Maps are most commonly used as frontispiece illustrations in adventure and fantasy books. They have also generally been aimed at the male reader when children’s books were marketed separately for boys and girls. A good map will complement the text and internal illustrations and add another visual level to the text. Children are now less skilled in cartographic recognition, due to geography being taught differently than it was in the past. Maps in children’s books can be divided into three groups: (1) maps which depict a real place; (2) fantasy maps which have no basis in reality and are the creation of the author and cartographer; and (3) maps which combine both reality and fantasy–when the map shows an area that is real but has been altered to fit the plot. Maps in selected children’s books are described and discussed to show how maps are a branch of illustration worthy of critical attention.

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